How Are Annuities Regulated?

February 1, 2020

In the United States, commercial annuities are issued by insurance companies. When new fixed and variable products are developed, they must be filed with the state’s insurance department. Before these products can be sold, each state where they will be available must provide written approval. Because variable annuities are considered securities as well as insurance products, when a new variable annuity is developed, a registration statement must be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). This statement includes a prospectus that discloses, among other things, the fees and charges associated with the annuity contract; a description of the various benefits, rights, and privileges afforded under the contract; any changes that can be made to the contract; and the risks and tax consequences associated with investing in the contract. The prospectus, which is updated annually, is a vital source of information for all contract holders and should be read thoroughly.

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